Factors Affecting the Adoption of Proper Postharvest Activities of the Vegetables in Highway Corridor of Nepal

Sandhya Rijal1 , Milan Subedi2* , Yam Bahadur Thapa1, Rishi Ram Kattel1, Raj Kumar Adhikari3

DOI: 10.52547/azarinj.056




A study carried in 2019, assesses the sociodemographic characteristics of vegetable growers, their knowledge on proper postharvest practices, factors affecting the adoption of proper postharvest activities, and their economic calculation of significant vegetable growers of Nepal. The study sites included Hetauda, Khairahani, Bharatpur, and Kawasoti, municipality of Nepal which were purposively selected based on area coverage, production, number of growers, and commercialization scale. A total of 172 vegetable-producing households were sampled using a simple random sampling technique. Descriptive statistics, economic analysis, and Logit model were used for data analysis. Harvesting was mainly carried by hand whereas, very few people used a knife for cauliflower and cabbage. Damaged vegetables were discarded for grading in most of the vegetables. In the case of tomatoes, grading was done based on color and size. Few farmers used calcium zinc and potash to increase the shelf-life of vegetables. Logit econometric model revealed that education, ethnicity, demand information, household type, training on activities, and land area for vegetables significantly determined the adoption of proper postharvest activities. The total postharvest loss of $ 2382.67 occur on average in a season. Since this study is at the introductory level, the adoption level of farmers was based on their prior knowledge; thus, further educational aspects (knowledge, attitude, skill, and aspiration) on proper postharvest activities by the related project can help farmers and traders to minimize the postharvest losses.


Adoption, Economic loss, Postharvest



Abdul-Hanan A. Ayamga M. & Donkoh S.A. (2014) Smallholder adoption of soil and water conservation techniques in Ghana. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 9(5):  539-546

Affognon H. Mutungi C. Sanginga, P. & Borgemeister C. (2015) Unpacking postharvest losses in sub-Saharan Africa: a meta-analysis. World Development, 66: 49-68.

AICC (2019) Krishi Diary 2076. Agriculture Information and Communication Center, Hariharbhawan, Lalitpur

Ajibesin D.T. Oluwasola O. & Ajayi D. (2019) Socioeconomic factors determining the adoption of postharvest technologies among maize farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science, 6(5): 8-17.

Ajzen I. (1991) The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2): 179-211.

Ali J. (2012) Factors influencing adoption of postharvest practices in vegetables. International Journal of Vegetable Science, 18(1): 29-40.

Aulakh J. & Regmi A. (2013) Post-harvest food losses estimation-development of consistent methodology. Food and Agriculture Organization. Rome, Italy.

Bachmann J. & Earles R. (2000) Postharvest handling of fruits and vegetables. Fayetteville, Arizona: ATTRA

Barua S. Singh P. Mridiula D. Gupta R.K. & Tomar BS (2017) Attitude assessment of farmers towards postharvest technologies and value addition of horticultural crops in Punjab. Journal of Human Ecology, 59(2-3): 164-168.

Devkota A. R. Dhakal, D. D. Gautam, D. M. & Dutta J. P. (2014). Assessment of fruit and vegetable losses at major wholesale markets in Nepal. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 2(4), 559-562.

Elemasho M.K. Alfred SD.Y. Aneke C.C. Chugali AJ.C. & Ajiboye O. (2017) Factors affecting adoption of postharvest technologies of selected food crops in Rivers State, Nigeria. International journal of agricultural economics and extension.

FAO. (2018) Postharvest Management of Cauliflower for quality and safety assurance. Rome: FAO.

Faqeerzada M. A. Rahman A. Joshi R. Park E., & Cho B. K. (2018) Postharvest technologies for fruits and vegetables in South Asian countries: A review. Korean Journal of Agricultural Science, 45(3): 325-353.

Gautam S. Acedo Jr A.L. Schreinemachers P. & Subedi B.P. (2017) Volume and value of postharvest losses: the case of tomatoes in Nepal. British Food Journal, 119(12): 2547-2558.

Ghanghas B.S. Nain MS & Malik J.S. (2017) Adoption of postharvest management practices by Vegetable growers in Haryana State. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 53 (1): 104-110.

Jabil I.Y. & Abdu U.D. (2012) Socioeconomic characteristics of farmers and the factors that hamper their Adoption of Agricultural Technologies in Northern Central Zones of Plateau State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Economics and Extension, 4(1): 5

Kader A.A. (2009) Handling of horticultural perishables in developing vs. developed countries. In VI International Postharvest Symposium 877 (121-126).

Kassie M. Shiferaw B. & Muricho G. (2011) Agricultural technology, crop income, and poverty alleviation in Uganda. World Development, 39(10): 1784-1795.

Kiaya V. (2014) Postharvest losses and strategies to reduce them. Technical Paper on Postharvest Losses, Action Contre la Faim (ACF).

Kikulwe E.M. Okurut S. Ajambo S. Nowakunda K.  Stoian D  Naziri D. (2018) Postharvest losses and their determinants: A challenge to creating a sustainable cooking banana value chain in Uganda. Sustainability, 10(7): 19

Kitinoja L. & Gorny J.R. (1999) Postharvest technology for small-scale produce marketers: economic opportunities, quality, and food safety. Postharvest Horticultural Series- Department of Pomology, University of California, 21

Mollah MA.H. Hawlader A.J. Ali M.R. Khatun R. Ahmed S. Mahmud M.S. & Hasan, M.A. (2018) Assessment of technological knowledge on pre-and postharvest agricultural management system and its economic impacts in Bangladesh. Universal Journal of Agriculture Research, 6(2): 79-90.

Mukarumbwa P. Mushunje A. Taruvinga A. Akinyemi B. and Ngarava S. (2018) Analysis of factors that influence market channel choice of smallholder vegetable farmers in Mashonaland East province of Zimbabwe. International Journal of Development and Sustainability, 7(2): 734-754.

Mustapha S.B. Makinta A.A. Zongoma B.A. & Iwan A.S. (2012) Socioeconomic factors affecting adoption of soya bean production technologies in Takum local government area of Taraba State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, 2(2): 271-276.

Raghuvanshi A. & Chandrakar AGDM (2018) Postharvest losses in potatoes and factors affecting postharvest losses at farm level in Chhattisgarh. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 7(3): 3122-3124.

Sivakumar P.S. Sontakki B.S. Sulaiman R.V. Saravanan R. & Mittal N. (2017) Manual on Good Practices in Extension Research and Evaluation. Agriculture Extension in South Asia (AESA). Hyderabad, India.

Tadesse, B. Bakala F. & Mariam L. W. (2018) Assessment of postharvest loss along the potato value chain: the case of Sheka Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. Agriculture & Food Security, 7(1): 18.

Udas S. Rai B.K. Gurung, M. Thapa R. & Khatiwada, P.P. (2005) Assessment of postharvest handling systems of vegetables in the Eastern Hills of Nepal. Acta orticulturae.

Weinberger K. Genova Ii C. & Acedo A. (2008) Quantifying postharvest loss in vegetables along the supply chain in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. International Journal of Postharvest Technology and Innovation, 1(3): 288-297.

Yusuf T.M.  Fakayode S. (2012) Technical efficiency of women farmers in Nigeria: A study of women food crops in Kwara State. International Journal Agricultural Economics and Extension, 4(1): 4.