Factors Affecting the Adoption of Proper Postharvest Activities of the Vegetables in Highway Corridor of Nepal

Sandhya Rijal1 , Milan Subedi2* , Yam Bahadur Thapa1, Rishi Ram Kattel1, Raj Kumar Adhikari3

DOI: 10.52547/azarinj.056

 

 

ABSTRACT

A study carried in 2019, assesses the sociodemographic characteristics of vegetable growers, their knowledge on proper postharvest practices, factors affecting the adoption of proper postharvest activities, and their economic calculation of significant vegetable growers of Nepal. The study sites included Hetauda, Khairahani, Bharatpur, and Kawasoti, municipality of Nepal which were purposively selected based on area coverage, production, number of growers, and commercialization scale. A total of 172 vegetable-producing households were sampled using a simple random sampling technique. Descriptive statistics, economic analysis, and Logit model were used for data analysis. Harvesting was mainly carried by hand whereas, very few people used a knife for cauliflower and cabbage. Damaged vegetables were discarded for grading in most of the vegetables. In the case of tomatoes, grading was done based on color and size. Few farmers used calcium zinc and potash to increase the shelf-life of vegetables. Logit econometric model revealed that education, ethnicity, demand information, household type, training on activities, and land area for vegetables significantly determined the adoption of proper postharvest activities. The total postharvest loss of $ 2382.67 occur on average in a season. Since this study is at the introductory level, the adoption level of farmers was based on their prior knowledge; thus, further educational aspects (knowledge, attitude, skill, and aspiration) on proper postharvest activities by the related project can help farmers and traders to minimize the postharvest losses.

Keywords:

Adoption, Economic loss, Postharvest

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