Effect of different intercropping patterns on yield and yield components of Dill and Fenugreek
Behzad Shokati1* and Saeid Zehtab-Salmasi2
A field experiment was conducted based on randomized complete blocks design (RCBD) in three replications during 2011 at the research farm of university of Tabriz, Iran. In this study two medicinal plants, dill (Anethum graveolens L.) and fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) intercropped at different additive (1:20, 1:40 and 1:60) and different replacement (1:1, 1:2 and 1:3) series. Results showed that dill plant at additive treatment especially in 1:20 and 1:60 series had maximum plant fresh and dry weights, umbels per plant, 1000 seed weight, seeds per plant, biological yield and harvest index. However, fenugreek plant at replacement treatment especially in 1:3 and 1:2 series had maximum biological yield, pod in main stem, pod in branches, seeds per pod, seed weights and grain yield. Fenugreek as a medicinal, forage and legume crop promote dill grows characters and could be an effective plant in intercropping systems.
Keywords: Additive ratio, Replacement ratio, Anethum graveolens, Trigonella foenum- graecum, intercropping