Carrageenan-based semi-IPN nanocomposite hydrogels: Swelling kinetic and slow release of sequestrene Fe 138 fertilizer
Mohammad Kazem Bahrami1, Gholam Reza Mahdavinia2*
Nanocomposite hydrogels based on kappa-carrageenan were synthesized by incorporating natural sodium montmorillonite (Cloisite) nanoclay. Acrylamide (AAm) and methylenebisacrylamide (MBA) were used as a monomer and a crosslinker, respectively. Effects of reaction variables on the swelling kinetics were studied. The results revealed that the rate of swelling for nanocomposites with high content of MBA was higher than those of nanocomposites consisting of low content of MBA. Similar to the effect of MBA, the rate of swelling enhanced as the carrageenan content was decreased. The influence of clay content on swelling rate was not remarkable. The experimental swelling data were evaluated by pseudo-first-order and pseudo-secondorder kinetic models. The swelling data described well by pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Sequestrene Fe 138 (Sq) as an agrochemical was loaded into nanocomposites and releasing of this active agent from nanocomposites was studied. The clay-free hydrogel released the whole loaded Sq; whereas the presence of clay restricted the release of Sq.
Keywords: Hydrogel, kappa-Carrageenan, Nanocomposite, Sequestrene, Slow Release