Morphological characterization of local landraces of rapeseed (Brassica campestris L. var toria) of Nepal

Salik Ram Gupta, Hari Krishna Upreti and Ujjawal Kumar Singh Kushwaha*

ABSTRACT

Rapeseed (Brassica campestris L. var toria) is the main source of edible oil for Nepalese people. 54 rapeseed lines were collected from different hilly district of Nepal ranging from 987 m to 2550 m altitude. These lines were planted in augmented design for its traits characterization in Khumaltar 2013. Different traits of local rapeseed were characterized, and evaluated. NGRC 02778 performed better followed by SR-02 than local checks Morang-2, Chitwan Local and Unnati in terms of yield, days to maturity and pest infestation. Similarly, genotype SR-18 was late and SR-16 was earlier in terms of days to maturity. In conclusion, SR-02 was found better genotype based on different characteristics measured among all local rapeseeds planted in Khumaltar 2013. Thus SR-2 can be used as parents in crossing material for further breeding purposes and it can also be tested in further trial.

 Keywords: Characterization, Genotypes, Oil,  Rapeseed

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