Morphological characterization of local landraces of rapeseed (Brassica campestris L. var toria) of Nepal

Salik Ram Gupta, Hari Krishna Upreti and Ujjawal Kumar Singh Kushwaha*


Rapeseed (Brassica campestris L. var toria) is the main source of edible oil for Nepalese people. 54 rapeseed lines were collected from different hilly district of Nepal ranging from 987 m to 2550 m altitude. These lines were planted in augmented design for its traits characterization in Khumaltar 2013. Different traits of local rapeseed were characterized, and evaluated. NGRC 02778 performed better followed by SR-02 than local checks Morang-2, Chitwan Local and Unnati in terms of yield, days to maturity and pest infestation. Similarly, genotype SR-18 was late and SR-16 was earlier in terms of days to maturity. In conclusion, SR-02 was found better genotype based on different characteristics measured among all local rapeseeds planted in Khumaltar 2013. Thus SR-2 can be used as parents in crossing material for further breeding purposes and it can also be tested in further trial.

 Keywords: Characterization, Genotypes, Oil,  Rapeseed