Evaluation of iodate toxicity on growth, morpho-physiological characteristics and mineral nutrients concentrations of potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Agria)
Ezatollah Esfandiari1, Majid Abdoli1, and Mehdi Rahmati2*
The current study was aimed to assess the effects of different iodate concentrations on morpho-physiological characteristics of potato. In this regard, a pot experiment was carried out during the spring and summer 2013. Five concentrations of KIO3 including control beside 10, 20, 40, and 80 mg/Kgsoil were applied through irrigation system. The results showed that all selected agronomical and morphological characteristics of potato except dry weight of stem (SDW) and root (RDW) were negatively affected by high iodate concentrations. The results showed that applying 80 mg KIO3/Kgsoil compared to control resulted in around 15, 86, 84, 41, 16, 25, 20, and 87% reductions in harvest index (HI), leaf dry weight (LDW), tuber dry weight (TDW), plant dry weight (PDW), stem length (SL), root length (RL), plant height (PH), and number of tuber per plant (NT), respectively. Iodate application (80 mg KIO3/Kgsoil vs. control) also affected potato’s physiological characteristics including chlorophyll content (SPAD), relative water content (RWC), water use efficiency (WUE), evapo-transpiration efficiency (ETE), cell membrane stability index (CMSI) and tolerance index (TI) showing around 27, 12, 87, 39, 40, and 77% reductions for each one, respectively. Increasing iodate concentrations, although, showed no effect of Zn concentration of root and Fe and Mn concentrations of leaf, gradually decreased Zn concentration of leaf and increased Fe and Mn concentrations of root and Cu concentrations of root and leaf. Plants also showed several visible symptoms including stunting, chlorosis, browning of leaf tip and reduction in growth due to iodate toxicity.
Keywords: Bioavailability, Ion leakage, Potato, Relative water content, Toxicity.